The web programming is divided into two basic terms, front end and back end. Both sides have their significance, and a function isn’t complete without either of them. However, front end development is quite not that complex and much interactive in comparison to the back end. A front end web developer is usually known as UI developer or web designer.
Sometimes, people take the front end lightly and ignore its significance. Don’t forget the first impression is all that makes the customer stay on your site. A well-structured website with some quality web development skills showcased can increase your business’s chances of digital growth. Today, we have the latest front end technologies that can help you choose the perfect layout and design for your site. In this article, we’ll cover all the tips that front end web developer needs to provide a perfect frontend development.
What Is Front End Development?
The main cause behind the perfect designing of a site is to provide an interaction between the user and the site. Today, the users have so many options to access a web app through the device. That’s why the website must be responsive on each platform, and it should also be accessible through different browsers. The site’s format should be user interactive; all the information presented on it must be easily approachable.
Most common web browsers
In front end design, the web browsers have an essential role. A web browser shows or runs your site on WWW (World Wide Web). There are no limitations in running a browser as you can access web apps from any device with or without an internet connection such as PWA. Therefore, your front end design should be platform responsive and perfect. As it will be executable on most of the browsers running on different platforms such as smartphones or desktop. Following are the most common web browsers:
- Internet Explorer
7 Steps to Create a Proper Front End Design
Whether you are building a site, web app, or mobile app, your front end design must be platform responsive in all aspects. According to different surveys, 38% of users leave the site if the layout is not that interactive. That’s why front end developers look for a perfect pattern to create a complete front end engineering design, with a motive to run a nicely presented web app for all platforms. Following are the steps that you can follow to design a web front end:
1- Define site purpose
Before starting the front end development of your web app, build a sketch in your mind for the site. Your web front end must define the objective for which you are building it. Just like if you are developing a shopping cart or a learning management system, so you must know how to present the layout according to each project.
2- Research web design trends
Do your research to analyze the best web front design. A professional UI developer does his survey before starting to design the web front end. It always helps to get better ideas and fulfill the client’s requirements. Your front end design must be according to the latest trends and design paradigms; otherwise, it will count as outdated.
3- Create mockups
Create mockups layouts through Adobe Photoshop or illustrator, or other similar editors to give your idea a visual shape. It will work as a blueprint for your front end engineering design. Now, you can proceed according to your basic idea and make further changes as per the project’s need. Notice that there are two types of frontend mockups or wireframes, as explained in the image below,
Once the frontend mockups are designed, either share them with the client for feedback or conduct an online test such as A/B testing to finalize the design.
4- Select a suitable template
Now select the suitable template from an authentic source that totally matches the site’s purpose. There are multiple platforms where you can get plenty of models that can help you design your web app quickly. In that manner, you save your time as well as keep the latest front end design trend alive.
5- Choose the right frameworks
It is one of the most important steps in front end development. It is where a front end web developer gets confused. There are multiple front end frameworks available, but choosing the right one according to your project is also a big task. Make sure your current finalized framework is providing all the necessary tools for your frontend development.
6- Review the design
Before finalizing your front end design, review and analyze it critically. Most of the time, UI developers realize their decision is going wrong or not according to the client’s requirement. So, they have to restart the whole process, which takes valuable time. To avoid that, make sure to agree about the number of feedback requests of design changes from your employer. Once you are sure about your front end technologies and the design, you must review them for the last time just to double check.
7- Customize with your code
In the last step, all you have to do is to customize the template with your code. Now use your front end developer skills and design your website by HTML and CSS. For further interactive designs, you can employ jQuery, Vue.js, Angular or any other framework that you’ll lean further in this article.
10 Most Important Front End Developer Skills
There is a tight competition among the UI developers everywhere. The front end developer skills are what make him prior to others. Since the digitalization of business has become essential to run a business in this digital world, the demand and the competition among the front end web developers have also increased. If you have some extraordinary front end developer skills, then you can survive. Following are the crucial skills for a UI developer:
HTML & CSS
Both HTML (HyperText Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are the base of the front end development. You must have proper knowledge of these two things for the front end design. Whenever you get started with your web development career, you must learn both of these. Without them, you can’t run your web app on the browser, although you can quickly learn them.
Command on JQuery
You must have proper knowledge of all the frameworks and front end technologies. It will help you to choose the relevant framework according to every new project. In that manner, you can employ different features and functions of multiple frameworks for various websites.
Experience of CSS Preprocessors
Preprocessors are another addition in the elements that can make the front end development process even more variable. By having the command on the preprocessors, you can increase the scalability of your CSS code. It also helps you to format your system in a standard way and improves responsiveness.
RESTful services & APIs
REST (Representational State Transfer) is an architecture that provides the network communication within the web (Frontend and backend). You can also use the RESTful services and APIs of those web services attached to that specific architecture. In simple words, it is a set of programs and instructions for the interaction throughout the web services. The front end web developer must know how to integrate RESTful APIs.
Responsive and design
In front end development, you must consider every minor aspect to make your web app responsive. The front end design should be structured in a proper pattern. Consider the graphics of the selected template before customizing it. Your web app must be accessible on any device without any crash of its components.
The browser has become quite efficient by the time. The modern browsers present an optimized display of the sites without any problem. The thing that matters is how they interpret the design/layout across each platform. To make the browser efficient to run your system according to your need is one of the most critical aspect which challenges front end developer skills.
Debugging and testing
Most of the time, the developers complete all the process of front end design engineering but lack testing. That’s why most of the sites contain bugs post deployment. Debugging your website after completion and testing it is considered among the essential part of front end developer skills.
It is one of those front end developer skills that you need in all other fields too. If you are a better problem solver than you are already ahead than others. You must know how to fix a layout problem and debugging of the code. Don’t let the front end design bog you down. Solve with high priority, if there is any misleading pattern in the layout of the site.
What Is the Best Front End Framework?
A framework that provides you with different functions and helps you to create a responsive website is the best front end framework. Front end frameworks have an essential role in the front end design. They have made the whole process quite easy and innovative. However, there are various front end frameworks that you can employ as your front end technologies.
List of Top 7 Front End Frameworks:
According to various surveys and research, it has been verified that these are the best front end frameworks currently. All of them can be used to build the front end of a site, web app, or a hybrid mobile app.
- React.js: It is the best front end framework currently, and that’s why most developers recommend it. Facebook developers launched it as a library in 2013. It works as a virtual DOM, and that’s why its performance is quite high.
- Angular: One of the latest framework of the current time with high productivity and scalability. Google developed it in 2016 for the first time. It provides you pre-written programs that can help you employ several functions by saving a lot of time.
- Vue.js: The participant of Angular development, Evan You released Vue.js later in 2014. Its size is quite small in the sense of covering space, but its processing speed is quite high. It is a better option to design the front end of a single-page site.
- JQuery: It is considered among the most popular front end technologies. John Resig was the man behind its development, and he launched it in 2006. It can help you to build a responsive website with its CSS and DOM combination. It is also easy to execute through all browsers.
- Backbone.js: Jeremy Asheknas released this wonderful tool in 2010. It is one of the latest front end frameworks having a lightweight. It doesn’t put any burden on your device during the development process. You can use it to build a single-page application (SPA) and small business websites.
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